Bayside Tree Planting Strategy

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EXTRACT FROM BAYSIDE TREE PLANTING STRATEGY: DECEMBER 1997

J. GOLF COURSES Theme The Urban Character Study characterises the area as having: “There is a density of vegetation around this area that blends together well the uses of residential, commercial and recreational” and “Street trees are more exotic than native, with the Golf Coursegiving an impression of dense vegetation.” and recommends in general terms:

“Where there are old established street trees in good condition, they are to remain at all costs.”

“Where there is an established avenue of tree planting this should be retained.”

“The Golf Course ‘rural feel’ should be maintained.”

“Protect and promote large scale landscaping and open space that define districts and topography.”

The best streetscapes in this area are dominated by native plantings. Existing exotic trees (eg Claret Ash (Fraxinus ‘Raywoodi’)) are recommended for replacement by better performing natives. Eucalypts figure prominently. Where exotics are important they are often evergreen, such as the Cypress plantings along many golf course edges. Maintenance of ‘the rural feel’, as recommended by the Urban Character Study, will be best achieved by an emphasis on natives in future street tree planting. Where exotic trees presently make a significant contribution to a high rating street, retention of those species is recommended.

General observations

  • Many streetscapes enhanced by proximity to park and golf course planting.
  • Paths and kerbs are uniformly concrete.
  • Many vacant planting sites.
  • Trees small and mixed, often having little impact.
  • Lilly-pillys (Acmena spp.), Narrow leaf Peppermint (nicholii Eucalyptus), and Golden

Ash (Fraxinus excelsior “Aurea”) are among the trees doing well.

Landscape Amenity Ratings

Golf Courses had an average score of 2.67 for Rating 1, approximating the Council wide average of 2.67. Some Golf Course streets (27%) were determined to have less than satisfactory landscape quality.

Significant trees (Public Land)

Street AddressSpecies NameCommon NameNo.Location
Comas RoadAngophora costataSmooth-barked Myrtle12 Comas Road
Wall StreetEucalyptus ficifoliaFlowering Gum16 Wall Street

Bayside Street Tree Planting Strategy (December 1997) Page 65

Significant Streetscapes

Street Recommended Actions

Cheltenham Road Extend tall mixed Eucalypt plantings on south side. Progressively refine  Reserve Rd (to the character of road plantings to contain only local natives. start of formal naturestrips)

Garnet-Leary Avenue
Maintain Nicholii Eucalyptus avenue.

St Andrews Court Maintain alternating avenue of Iron Barkeucalyptus sideroxylon) and Banksia integrifolia.

Stevens ParadeMaintain
Nicholii Eucalyptus
avenue.

Sydney Street Extend Lilly-pilly avenue planting.

Victor Avenue Extend E. leucoxylon avenue theme.

 Priority 1
Glamis Street
Lilian Court
Oakley Street

Priority 2
Monaco Crescent
Wall Street
Bayside Street Tree Planting Strategy (December 1997) Page 66

Recommended street trees:

Key: UP = This species has been identified as coping well with being
prune
around powerlines.

C = This species has been identified as coping with coastal conditions either located on the front line or second line

I = Trees Indigenous to the Bayside area.(Seed is collected from remnant trees in Bayside).

Large Canopy (15 metres plus), (Nature strips 3 metres plus)

Exotic

Quercus robur (Infill only)

Ulmus glabra ‘Lutescens’ (Infill
only)

Native

Acacia melonoxylon I

Angophora floribunda C

E. maculata C

E. microcarpa

E. rubida

E. tereticornis C

M. quinquinervia C

Angophora costata C

Eucalyptus camaldulensis I

E. melliodora

E. polyanthemos

E. saligna C

Melaleuca leucadendron

Medium Canopy (to 10 – 12 metres) (Nature strips 1.5 – 3 metres)

Exotic

Acer negundo (Infill
only)

Elaeocarpus
reticulatus

Cinnamomum
camphora
(Infill only)

Liquidambar styraciflua
(Infill only)

Native

Acacia decurrens

A. pendula

Agonis flexuosa – UP

B. serrata C

E. cinera

E. crenulata

E. largiflorens

E. mannifera ssp. maculosa

E. ovata I C

E. polyanthemos

E. pulchella

E. salubris

E. sideroxylon
‘Rosea’ C

Ficus hilli

Tristaniopsis laurina

A. mearnsii

Allocasurina torulosa C

Banksia integrifolia I C

Eucalyptus cephalocarpa

E. cornuta C

E. ficifolia C

E. leucoxylon var. megalocarpa UP C

E. nicholii UP

E. pauciflora I

E. pryoriana I C

E. radiata

E. scoparia

E. species

Lophostemon confertus UP

Waterhousia floribunda

Small Canopy (to 8 metres NOT REQUIRING
POWERLINE CLEARANCE)

(Nature strips up to 1.5 metres)

Native

Acacia acuminata

A. implexa I

A. pycnantha C

A. torulosa C

A. verticillata I C

B. prionotesC

Brachychiton rupestris

C ‘Harkness’ C

C. viminalis C

E. forestiana

E. steedmani

E. woodwardii

Griselina littoralis

Hakea species C

L. species

Melaleuca bracteata

M. quinquenervia

A. cognata

A. podalrifolia C

Acmena smithi i

Angophora hispida C

Banksia marginata C

B. serrata C

Callistemon ‘Dawson River
Weeper’

C. salignus C

Eucalyptus erythrocorys C

E. spathulata

E. torquata

E. species

Hakea corriacea C

Leptospermum laevigatum I C

Melia azedarach

M. linariifolia C

Persoonia pinifolia

ArrangementPlantings shall be arranged as formal avenues or informal groves of the
recommended species where appropriate. Spacings
shall depend on species used, but may range from 2 to 15 metres.

Courts or “No Through Road” streets may be treated as
individual landscape treatments, each with their own particular style.
Species used in terminating the end of the street or court bowl should be
consistent with those at the entrance, with species from the character area
providing the type of planting theme.

Street orientation and therefore solar access to homes on the south
side of east/west streets should be considered in each particular street to

determine the species of street tree to be planted.

Commercial Areas

Most commercial or shopping precincts within Bayside are poorly
planted, with consequent reduced pedestrian amenity. These areas warrant
detailed design attention, but should identify with the themes established in
the relevant character area.

Large Canopy Trees

  • Streets where
    the grassed nature strips exceed 3.0 metres,
    street width is at least 20 metres, and where
    no high voltage powerlines exist overhead.
  • Site specific
    opportunities for large trees associated with traffic medians, kerb outstands or other roadway treatments.
  • Threshold
    treatments at street intersections.

Medium Canopy Trees

  • Use as the
    primary street tree in streets where the grassed naturestrip
    exceeds 1.5 metres in width.

Small Canopy Trees

  • Streets where the
    grassed naturestrips are less than 1.5 metres or street width is less than 15 metres.
  • Used as major
    tree in plantings which incorporate large or medium canopy trees as
    threshold or accent plantings.
  • Site specific
    opportunities where large or medium canopy trees cannot be accommodated.

K. BEAUMARIS [Map defines this as all of Beaumaris
except Golf Links area & area west of Reserve Road]

Theme

The Urban Character Study characterises the
area as having:

“Substantive vegetation throughout, including private front
gardens overwhelmingly well landscaped features and character, ie.,
trees.”

and recommends in general terms:

  • “Where there
    are old established street trees in good condition, they are to remain
    at all costs. “
  • “Where there
    is an established avenue of tree planting this should be retained.

The Urban Character Study notes, among other things,
the “native street trees” and the “very Australian”
character of Beaumaris streetscapes.

Generally, the best streetscapes are evergreen and dominated by mixed
native plantings. Many of the large private frontage landscapes include

substantial Eucalyptus sp, often Lemon Scented Gum (Eucalyptus citriodora). A predominantly evergreen native feel is
recommended for future

street tree planting in this precinct.

General observations

  • Footpaths and kerbs uniformly concrete.
  • Many large trees
    on private frontages making a positive contribution to the streetscape.
  • Strong Eucalypt
    character common, reinforced by large Eucalypts
    on private frontages.

Landscape Amenity Ratings

Beaumaris had an average score of 2.78
for Rating 1, above the Council wide average of 2.67. A number of streets in Beaumaris were determined

to have high quality (25%), with only 14% having a less than satisfactory
landscape quality. Beaumaris is clearly among the
areas with the highest overall streetscape amenity in Bayside.

Significant trees (PublicLand)

Street Address Species Name CommonName
No. Location

MartinStreetLeptospermumCoast
Tea Tree 1 Near entrance to the

laevigatum
Beaumaris Bowling

Club

Significant Streetscapes

Street Recommended
Actions

Coles Court Maintain current Kanooka (Tristaniopsis laurina)
avenue.

Coreen
Avenue
Continue planting Allocasuarina torulosa and Melaleuca linariifolia.

Margate Street
Strengthen Brush Box (Lophostemon confertus)
planting to create avenue.

Scarborough Grove Continue Melaleuca theme planting Melaleuca
linariifolia.

Wells Road Plant Melaleuca
linariifolia from
Balcombe Road
to Illaroo Reserve and

Agonis flexuosa from Beach Road
north
.

Priority 1

East Concourse

Hugo Street

North Concourse

South Concourse

Priority 2

Keys Street

Recommended street trees:

Key: UP = This species
has been identified as coping well with being pruned

around
powerlines.

C = This species has been
identified as coping with coastal

conditions either located on the front
line or second line

I = Trees Indigenous to the Bayside
area.(Seed is collected from remnant

trees
in Bayside).

Large Canopy (15 metres
plus), (Nature strips 3 metres plus)

Native

Acacia melonoxylon I

Angophora costata C

Angophora floribunda C

Eucalyptus camaldulensis I

E. maculata
C

E. melliodora

E. tereticornis C

M. quinquinervia C

Medium Canopy (to 10 – 12 metres)(Nature
strips 1.5 –
3 metres)

Exotic

Acer negundo (Infill only)

Cinnamomum camphora
(Infill only)

Fraxinus
excelsior ‘A rea’ (Infill only

Liquidambar styrac@flua
(Infill only)

Native

A. implexa I

A. mearnsii

Allocasuarina torulosa
C

Agonisflexuosa
UP

Banksia integrifolia I C

B. serrata C

Eucalyptus cinera

E. ficifolia C

E. leucoxylon var. megalocarpa
UP C

E.
nicholii
UP

E. ovata I C

E. pauciflora I

E. pryoriana I C

E. pulchella

E. radiata

E. scoparia

E. sideroxylon ‘Rosea’ C

E. species

Lophostemon confertus UP

Tristaniopsis laurina

Waterhousia floribunda

Small Canopy (to 8 metres
NOT REQUIRING POWERLINE CLEARANCE) (Nature strips up to 1.5 metres)

Native

Acacia implexa I

A. podalrifolia C

A. pycnantha C

Aemena smithii

Allocasuarina
littoralis I C

A. torulosa C

A. verticillata I C

Angophora hispida C

Banksia marginate C

B. prionotes C

B. serrata C

Callistemon ‘Dawson River
Weeper’

C. ‘Harkness’ C

C. salignus C

C. viminalis C

Eucalyptus erythrocorys C

E. forestiana

E. torquata

E. species

Hakea corriacea C

Hakea species C

Leptospermum laevigatum I C

L. species

Melaleuca bracteata

M. linariifolia
C (Infill only)

M. quinquenervia

Arrangement

Plantings shall be arranged as formal avenues or informal groves of the
recommended species where appropriate. Spacings
shall depend on species used,
but may range from 2 to 15 metres.

Courts or “No Through Road” streets may be treated as individual
landscape treatments, each with their own particular style. Species used in
terminating
the end of the street or court bowl should be consistent with those at the
entrance, with species from the character area providing the type of planting
theme.

Street orientation is not considered a major issue in Beaumaris as most private frontages throughout the study
area are already well planted, as well as
reasonably large. Solar access to homes on the south side of east/west
streets is therefore not seen as a determinant of the species of street tree
to be planted.

Coastal Areas

Special consideration should be given to landscape treatments of streets
which terminate near the Bay. Issues to be addressed in each location
include:

  • sightlines to the
    Bay
  • the impact of salt
    spray on the vegetation planted
  • the role this
    vegetation plays in linking the foreshore landscape to the street treescape should be considered before detailed
    recommendations for
  • street
    and coastal planting are prepared. An indication is given in the text
    above, for precincts with a coastal edge, as to where consideration of
  • coastal
    planting should start.

Commercial Areas

Most commercial or shopping precincts within Bayside are poorly planted,
with consequent reduced pedestrian amenity. These areas warrant detailed
design attention, but should identify with the themes established in the
relevant character area.

Large Canopy Trees

  • Streets where the
    grassed naturestrips exceed 3.0 metres, street width is at least 20 metres, and where no high voltage powerlines exist overhead.
  • Site specific
    opportunities for large trees associated with traffic medians, kerb outstands or other roadway treatments.
  • Threshold treatments
    at street intersections.

Medium Canopy Trees

  • Use as the primary
    street tree in streets where the grassed naturestrip
    exceeds 1.5 metres in wi ‘dth.

Small Canopy Trees

  • Streets where the
    grassed naturestrips are less than 1.5 metres or street width is less than 15 metres.
  • Used as major tree
    in plantings that incorporate large or medium canopy trees as threshold
    or accent plantings.
  • Site specific
    opportunities where large or medium canopy trees cannot be accommodated.

L. BLACK ROCK [Map defines this, strangely, as including
all that part of Beaumaris west of Reserve Road!]

Theme

The Urban Character Study characterises the
area as having: “Native vegetation is dominant.” and
recommends in general terms:

  • “Where
    there are old established street trees in good condition, they are to
    remain at all costs.”
  • “Where
    there is an established avenue of tree planting this should be retained.
  • “Indigenous
    vegetation to be protected.”

An emphasis on the use of indigenous and native species
in future street tree plantings will enhance the already strong character of
this area.

General observations

  • Mainly concrete
    footpaths and kerbs.
  • Many vacant
    sites
  • Red Flowering
    Gum (Eucalyptus ficifolia) and Brush Box (Lophostemon
    confertus) doing well.

Landscape Amenity Ratings

Black Rock had an average score of 2.44 for Rating 1, below the Council
wide average of 2.67. Some Black Rock streets (27%) were

determined to have less than satisfactory landscape quality.

Significant trees (PublicLand)

Street Address Species Name Common Name No.
Location

Ardoyne Street Eucalyptus ficifolia Flowering Gum 1
40 Ardoyne Street

Ebden Avenue Ficus
macrophylla
Moreton
Bay Fig 1 Black Rock House, Ebden Avenue,

Black Rock

Haydens Road
Angophora costata Smooth-bark Apple
2
485 Balcombe Road

in

Myrtle Haydens
Rd.

Third Street
Eucalyptus Lemon-scented
1 21 Central
Avenue
in

citriodoraGum Third Street.

Significant Streetscapes

Street Recommended Actions

Ardoyne
Street
Continue planting Eucalyptus ficifolia.

Arranmore
Avenue
Continue with Brush Box
avenue.

Point Avenue Continue coastal planting theme of mixed Banksia and Coastal Tea tree.

Priority 1

Bruce Street

Hepburn Avenue

Links Street

Page Street

Priority 2

Nil.

Recommended street trees:

Key: UP = This species has
been identified as coping well with being pruned around powerlines.

C = This species has been
identified as coping with coastal conditions either located on the front line
or second line

I = Trees Indigenous to the
Bayside area.(Seed is collected from remnant trees
in Bayside).

Large Canopy (15 metres
plus), (Nature strips 3 metres plus)

Native

Acacia melonoxylon I

Angophora costata C

Angophora floribunda C

Eucalyptus camaldulensis I

E. maculata
C

E. melliodora

E. tereticornis
C

M. quinquinervia
C

Medium Canopy (to 10 – 12 metres)
(Nature strips 1.5 – 3 metres)

Exotic

Acer negundo (Infill only)

Cinnamomum camphora (Infill only)

Fraxinus excelsior ‘Aurea’‘ (Infill only)

Liquidambar styraciflua (Infill only)

Native

A. implexa I

A. mearnsii

Allocasurina
torulosa C

Agonis flexuosa
– UP

Banksia integrifolia
I C

B. serrata C

Eucalyptus cinera

E. ficifolia C

E. leucoxylon var. megalocarpa
UP C

E.
nicholii
UP

E. ovata I C

E. pauciflora I

E. pryoriana I C

E. pulchella

E. radiata

E. scoparia

E. sideroxylon ‘Rosea’ C

E. species

Lophostemon confertus UP

Tristaniopsis laurina

Waterhousiafloribunda

Small Canopy (to 8 metres NOT REQUIRING POWERLINE CLEARANCE)

(Nature strips up to 1.5 metres)

Native

Acacia implexa I

A. podalrifolia C

A. pycnantha C

Acmena smithii

Allocasurina
littoralis I C

A. torulosa C

A. verticillata I C

Angophora hispida C

Banksia marginate
C

B. prionotes C

B. serrata C

Callistemon ‘DawsonRiver Weeper’

C. ‘Harkness’ C

C. salignus C

C. viminalis C

Eucalyptus erythrocorys C

E. forestiana

E. torquata

E. species

Hakea corriacea
C

Hakea species C

Leptospermum laevigatum I C

L. species

Melaleuca bracteata

M. linariifolia C (Infill only)

M. quinquenervia

Arrangement

In non-coastal areas, street trees shall be arranged as formal avenues of
the recommended species. In these circumstances, it is anticipated that
the minimum spacing will be 8 metres, with maximum
spacing of 15 metres.

Coastal areas may be planted as formal avenues or informal groves where
appropriate. Spacings shall depend on species used,
but may range
from 2 to 15 metres.

Courts or “No Through Road” streets may be treated as individual
landscape treatments, each with their own particular style. Species used in
terminating the end of the street or court bowl should be consistent with
those at the entrance, with species from the character area providing
the type of planting theme.

Street orientation is not considered a major issue in Black Rock as most
private frontages throughout the study area are already well planted,
as well as reasonably large. Solar access to homes on the south side of
east/west streets is therefore not seen as a determinant of the species
of street tree to be planted.

Coastal Areas

Special consideration should be given to landscape treatments of streets
that terminate near the Bay. Issues to be addressed in each location
include:

  • sightlines to the
    Bay
  • the impact of salt
    spray on the vegetation planted
  • the role this
    vegetation plays in linking the foreshore landscape to the street treescape should be considered before detailed
  • recommendations
    for street and coastal planting are prepared. An indication is given in
    the text above, for precincts with a
  • coastal
    edge, as to where consideration of coastal planting should start.

Commercial Areas

Most commercial or shopping precincts within Bayside are poorly planted,
with consequent reduced pedestrian amenity. These areas
warrant detailed design attention, but should identify with the themes
established in the relevant character area.

Large Canopy Trees

  • Streets where the
    grassed naturestrips exceed 3.0 metres, street width is at least 20 metres, and where no high voltage powerlines
  • exist
    overhead.
  • Site specific
    opportunities for large trees associated with traffic medians, kerb outstands or other roadway treatments.
  • Threshold
    treatments at street intersections.

Medium Canopy Trees

  • Use as the primary
    street tree in streets where the grassed naturestrip
    exceeds 1.5 metres in width.

Small Canopy Trees

  • Streets where the
    grassed naturestrips are less than 1.5 metres or street width is less than 15 metres.
  • Used as major tree
    in plantings that incorporate large or medium canopy trees as threshold
    or accent plantings.
  • Site specific opportunities
    where large or medium canopy trees cannot be
    accommodated.

M. KEY STREETS

Within Bayside there is a hierarchy of road types. This is due to several
factors including:

  • the physical length
    and width of the road
  • the amount of
    traffic using the road
  • location
    in the municipality ie: main thoroughfare or
    feeder road from a thoroughfare.

These streets also act as gateways to the municipality
providing commuters with a ‘snapshot’ of the areas
character. Some of these key streets are found

in more than one character area of Bayside and therefore need to be
treated in a different way when tree
planting is considered.

Accordingly these streets are considered separately as ‘Key Streets’ in
this strategy and are identified for priority attention. This “Key
Streets” program
should focus on the following streets:

In general ‘Key Streets’ include highway’s, major and secondary arterial roads
and collector roads. Recommended actions for ‘Key Streets’ in the Bayside
area is as follows:

1. Nepean
Highway

Council has no role in the ongoing management or planning
for landscape character along Nepean Highway.
This area is under VicRoads duristiction.
Council should lobby VicRoads to implement a
consistent planting theme along Nepean Highway
to improve its visual amenity.

2. North
Road

The Urban Character study indicates that:

North Road
is a grand avenue with established mature and substantial street trees. “Deep ‘frontage ” private
gardens provide a wide, very leafy

streetscape which is “attractive”.

“Large mature trees dominate streetscape”.

“Generally wide and deep frontages with established gardens,
with wide nature strips.

“Street trees, in places, are fragile.”

and recommends in general terms to:

“Safeguard existing mature trees.”

“Maintain existing building setbacks to provide a strong
(vegetated) landscaped setting.”

“Prepare comprehensive street tree inventory, and management
plan, including replanting schedules.”

“Prohibit tree removal to private properties.”

“Promote undergrounding of services,
or at a minimum, bundle overhead cables.”

The recommendations are:

Street Recommended Actions

North Road
(Nepean Extend unique theme of Pines (Pinus pinaster) and Elms (Ulmus

Hwy to the Foreshore) procera)
along this section of North Road.

North Road In conjunction with the City of Glen
Eira and VicRoads continue

Hawthorn Road to planting Golden Ash (Fraxinus excelsior “Aurea”).

Nepean Hwy)

North Road Plant a Eucalyptus sp, that will complement the strong avenue
in the

(Hawthorn Road to
central median of Spotted Gum (Eucalyptus maculata).

Thomas Street)

3. Other ‘Key
Streets’

St. Kilda Street Continue planting Plane trees using Platanus ‘Autumn Glory’. Planting on the
east side
of St Kilda St
should be of the same species however at 50 metre
intervals so as views into the
parkland / golf course are relatively
unaffected.

New Street Plant vacant sites with Platanus
‘Autumn
Glory’ eventually replacing all other species.
Work to be instituted on an as required basis.

Cochrane Street Continue avenue of Queensland Brush Box (Lophostemon confertus).

(North of North Rd)

Cochrane Street Establish an avenue of Platanus
‘Autumn Glory’.

(South of North Rd)

The Esplanade Due to high traffic flow, narrow naturestrips
and the requirement by residents for unimpeded views over the Bay, street
trees should not be planted along the Esplanade. Vegetation from private
gardens and the foreshore reserve are the major sources of positive visual
amenity.

Martin Street Maintain Golden Ash (Fraxinus
excelsior “Aurea
“) avenue.

Gardenvale Strip

Shopping Precinct

(Hamilton to Nepean)

Martin Street Strengthen existing avenue of Planes trees.

(St Kilda St to

Hamilton)

Martin Street Remove Tamarisk, west of the existing Elm trees, and plant a
species that

(St.Kilda St
to the links the foreshore with this group of Elms.

foreshore)

Bay Street Extend avenue of Golden Elm (Ulmus
glabra ‘Lutescens’)
from the shopping precinct throughout Bay St.

Union Street (Nepean
Extend avenue of Liquidambar (Liquidambar stracyflua).

Hwy to Hawthorn Rd)

Hawthorn Road Tree planting outside residences is to be Red Maple (Acer
rilbrum).
Shopping precincts have there own species.

Thomas Street Plant an avenue of Queensland Brush Box (Lophostemon confertus).

Centre Road Establish an avenue of Platanus
‘Autumn Glory’

Hampton Street Gradually replace Ash with Cut
Leaf Planes (Platanus digitata).
Shopping precincts are to have their existing themes continued.

Dendy Street Establish an avenue of Scarlet Oak (Quercus coccinea).

Marriage Road Continue avenue
planting of Golden Ash.

Were Street Gradually plant an avenue of Platanus
‘Autumn Glory’’

South Road Extend Eucalypt theme throughout South
Road

Cummins Road Due to extremely small naturestrips
and high traffic flow tree planting should not be undertaken.

Beach Road Vegetation from private gardens and the foreshore reserve are
the major sources of positive visual amenity. Street tree planting should not
be undertaken.

Ludstone Street
Plant Eucalyptus crenulata to create an
avenue.

Bridge Street Continue planting Red Flowering Gum (Eucalyptusficifolia).

Highett Road Plant
Eucalyptus scoparia
throughout

Bay Road Extend Queensland Brush Box (Lophostemon confertus) throughout.

Bluff Road Continue planting Narrow Leaf Peppermint (Eucalyptus
nicholli
).

Wickham Road Establish an avenue of Cut Leaf
Plane (Platanus digitata).

Reserve Road Establish an avenue of. Queensland Brush Box (Lophostemon confertus)
where possible between Bay Rd & Balcombe Rd.
Golf Course vegetation will prevent some plantings. Establish an avenue of Allocasuarina
verticillata between
Beach
Rd
and Balcombe Rd..

Weatherall
Road
Establish an avenue of Smooth Barked
Apple Gum (Angophora costata).

Balcombe Road
Establish an avenue of Kanooka (Tristaniopsis laurina).

Charman Road
Establish an avenue of appropriate trees in conjunction with the City of
Kingston).

Coastal Areas

Special consideration should be given to landscape treatments of streets
that terminate near the Bay. Issues to be addressed in each location include:

  • sightlines to the
    Bay
  • the impact of salt
    spray on the vegetation planted
  • the
    role this vegetation plays in linking the foreshore landscape to the
    street treescape should be considered before
    detailed recommendations for street and coastal planting are prepared.
  • An indication is given
    in the text above, for precincts with a coastal edge, as to where
    consideration of coastal planting should start.

Commercial Areas

Most commercial or shopping precincts within Bayside are poorly planted,
with consequent reduced pedestrian amenity.
These areas warrant detailed design attention, but should identify with the
themes established in the relevant character area.

Industrial areas

Where the land use is industrial, special design attention is required to
provide adequate planting opportunities. It is recommended that an industrial
area landscape strategy be developed. Negotiation with the industrial
businesses in the area will be required.

APPENDIX A – IMPLEMENTATION

A1 General

To ensure the overall intent of the Street Tree Planting Strategy is transposed
into reality, an implementation process is required.
This process should create the desired character in each street, giving
residents the opportunity to comment on species selection.

Implementation of street tree planting within the Strategy will be
dependent on a number of factors.
Assessment of these factors will enable a particular process to be selected
for implementation for each particular situation.

A2 Factors Affecting Street Tree Planting

These factors are discussed below, along with information relating to
planting strategies that may be used.

A2.1 Existing Tree Species

The existing planting’s
of trees in a street will have a significant effect on the types of tree that
can be planted.
The effect of these trees is dependent upon their significance in a local or
regional sense, the overall health of the trees, and the species present.
On the basis of these characteristics, decisions about species selection can
be made.

The following are situations that occur in Bayside. Species to be planted
are identified for each:

a) Significant Streets

Existing major streetscapes of the City. Species for these streets are
specifically defined in the Strategy.

b) Key Streets

Species as defined in the Strategy;
these are the major roads running through and around the City.

c) Established Streets

Existing tree species have resulted from a previous Council decision,
community consultation process, or as a result of the implementation of this
Strategy.

d) Undefined Streets

These streets don’t have a pre-established theme other than that defined
by the relevant character theme.
They may be grouped according to existing tree species as follows:

i) Conforming – Pre-dominant
species conforms to the species list in this Strategy;

ii) Non-Confonning – Pre-dominant
species does not conform to the Streetscape Strategy;

iii) Unsuitable – Pre-dominant
species are unsuitable as street trees and are no longer planted within the
City (eg: Lagunaria patersonia); or

iv) Mixed – No pre-dominant species
exists.

A2.2 Planting Processes

Having assessed the structure and style of the existing street trees, some
decisions will be required about the process to be implemented
to facilitate the planting of any new tree(s). Where full street planting
is to be undertaken any actions would usually be preceded by a consultation
process.

The range of options available for most street tree planting is as
follows:

a) Non Planting – Site conditions preclude tree planting. Other landscape
options are to be canvassed.

b) Plant tree – This may result
from one of the following processes;

i) Dominant – Plant the pre-dominant
species in the street if it conforms with the species list for the area
contained in the Strategy.

ii) Strategy – Plant the species listed within
the Strategy or previous Council decision.

iii) Notify – Plant species selected from
within the Strategy or previous from Council decision. Residents notified
before planting.
This process will be undertaken in all streets not covered in the previous
sections.

iv) Consult – Should notification to residents
of the species selected cause a concern, or no clear
species selection be apparent,
planting would occur only after implementation of full community consultation
process.

(Note: Dominant and Strategy planting’s would not require any
notification or consultation, except for the supply of a brochure about the
tree
and maintenance thereof after planting.

A2.3 Planting Style

The Strategy defines three planting styles. The styles nominated for each
character area of the City will further enhance the existing landscape
themes.

Each style will require a different resident approval exercise when
implementing a full community consultation process.

a) Formal
Avenue

These are created by the formal planting of
streets as avenues of single tree species, or alternating species, at
standard intervals.
This style provides a strong framework for older established areas, and long
straight road reserves, and usually involves the use of exotic tree species.

Residents would be offered a choice of suitable
species as defined in the Strategy. One species would be selected for
planting
on the basis of the views of the majority of residents.

b) Informal Grove

The use of multiple species in a random format,
both in spacings and species,
is suggested for areas with a more native character.
This principle of informal spacings and species is
designed to mimic the way natural bushland areas
develop.

c) Landscaped

Some areas of the City require specialised attention as a result of high pedestrian or
vehicular traffic (eg: shopping centres,
industrial areas)
or due to their intimate nature (eg: court bowls or
road closures). Specific landscape planning of these areas will provide a
more
appropriate outcome than that normally implemented for other streets in the
City. Residents/proprietors would be requested to approve
a specific landscape design for a street. This plan would then be
implemented. This process would apply to most courts and some
specialised streets (eg:
commercial and industrial areas).

A2.4 Priority

Each year Council provides an allocation within its budget for the
planting of street trees. As with all financial resources these funds should
be
spent in achieving the greatest benefits possible for the residents of the
City. To enable this to be achieved, annual prioritisation
will be
required to achieve this objective.

Prioritisation of all street tree
planting has been undertaken as part of the development of this strategy, by
the use of amenity landscape
ratings for each street in Bayside. This would ensure effective and efficient
use of resources. Priority actions are as follows:

a) Replace whole streets
identified in the Strategy as Priority 1 and 2 streets.

Existing healthy trees would normally be
retained unless they were deemed to be inappropriate or causing problems.

b) Replace individual trees, resulting from
resident requests or Council removals.

c) In-fill planting of Significant Streets and
Key Streets identified in the Strategy, to ensure the quality and structure
of these
streetscapes is retained.

  1. Remove and replace
    unsuitable tree species, which are causing, or may cause hazards (eg: Lagunaria patersonii).

e) Remove and replace trees in
streets on lower priority listings provided in the Strategy. Resident
requests for street
replacements would be a factor in determining selections for actions for
similarly graded streets.

An annual listing of streets will be developed on the
basis of the above priorities, and a staging program developed to enable
implementation
within the framework of the Annual Plan.

A2.5 Species for Planting

The Strategy has nominated a range of tree species for each character area
to enhance the existing landscape. Species are classified
as large, medium or small, depending on their ability to perform within a
specified naturestrip width.

The species have been selected to ensure that they achieve the required
landscape structure, whilst not creating maintenance or
safety concerns. issues such as shedding of fruit,
bark and leaves, presence of thorns, prunability,
mature height and growth rate
will all influence the species selected.

On the basis of the species selected, the following criteria would be
considered when purchasing:

a) Size of plant

The initial size of the tree to be planted will
depend on the type of tree selected. In general, deciduous trees are more
readily available in larger sizes than evergreen species. The size of the
tree is limited by the size of the rootball, and
the ability to easily plant the tree in the space provided. In this instance,
the location of underground and overhead services,
and nature strip width are limiting factors. Further, the practicality of
planting is maximised at a particular tree size,
after which the cost of planting the tree becomes uneconomical.

b) Species Availability

Evergreen trees are generally available most of
the year. However, availability of advanced specimens of many of the species nominated
in the Strategy is currently limited. Deciduous trees are generally only
available during the winter months. New techniques are now extending this
planting period.

c) Overhead Electricity Wires

Where a rapidly growing large tree is to be planted
(eg: Eucalyptus spp), it
may be appropriate to plant a smaller species of a similar type, where
overhead wires have not been changed to aerial bundled conductors (ABC) or
relocated underground. This interim measure may reduce damage to trees as a result
of wire clearing, and enable future planting’s (post- ABC) to be implemented
in harmony with interim trees.

APPENDIX E – STREET TREE
SPECIES SUMMARY

Where the term “Infill only” is used, it is an indication that
the tree is recommended only where a strong planting including that species
is already present. It is not recommended as a tree for streets where a new
theme is being developed.

Key: UP = This species has
been identified as coping
well with being pruned around powerlines.

C = This species has been
identified as coping with coastal conditions either located on the front line
or second line

Large Canopy (15 metres
plus), (Nature strips 3 metres plus)

Exotic

Platanus cultivars UP

Quercus coccinea

Q. canariensis

Q. palustris UP

Q. robur

Schinus molle
(Special situations)

Tilia platyphyllos

T cordata

Ulmus glabra
‘Lutescens’
UP

U. procera
(Infill Only)

Native

Acacia melonoxylon
I

Angophora costata C

Angophora floribunda C

Eucalyptus camaldulensis I

E. maculata
C

E. melliodora

E. microcarpa

E. polyanthemos

E. rubida

E. saligna C

E. tereticornis C

Melaleuca leucadendron

M. quinquinervia C

Medium Canopy (to 10 – 12 metres) (Nature
strips 1.5 – 3 metres)

Exotic

Acer cultivars

Carpinus cultivars

Catalpa bignonioides

Celtis occidentalis
UP

Cinnamomum camphora
UP

Fraxinus excelsior ‘Aurea’ UP

Gleditsia cultivars

Koelreuteria paniculata

Liquidambar styraciflua UP

Liquidambar formosana

Metrosiderosexcelsor C

Tilia cordata
cultivars

Pyrus cultivars

Ulmu sparvifolia
UP

Native

Acacia decurrens

A. mearnsii

A. pendula

Allocasuarina
torulosa C

Agonis flexuosa
UP

Banksia integrifolia
I C

B. serrata C

Eucalyptus cephalocarpa

E. cinera

E. cornuta C

E. crenulata

E.
ficifolia C

E. largiflorens

E. leucoxylon var.
megalocarpa UP C

E. mannifera ssp. maculosa

E. nicholii UP

E. ovata I C

E. pauciflora
I

E. pryoriana I
C

E. pulchella

E. radiata

E. salubris

E. scoparia

E. sideroxylon
‘Rosea’ C

E. species

Ficus hilli

Lophostemon confertus UP

Tristaniopsis laurina

Waterhousia floribunda

Small Canopy (to 8 metres NOT REQUIRING
POWERLINE CLEARANCE)

(Nature strips up to 1.5 metres)

Exotic

Acer cultivars

Calodendru capense

Cercis cultivars C

Koelreuteriapanic lata

Lagerstroemia indica cultivars

Malus cultivars

Olea europea
C

Pistacia sinensis

Prunus cultivars

Robinia cultivars

Native

Acacia acuminata

A. cognata

A. implexa I

A. podalrifolia
C

A. pycnantha C

Acmena
smithii

Allocasuarina torulosa
C

A. verticillata I
C

Angophora hispida C

Banksia marginata
C

B. prionotes
C

B. serrata C

Brachychiton rupestris

Callistemon ‘DawsonRiver Weeper’

C. ‘Harkness’
C

C. salignus C

C. viminalis C

Eucalyptus erythrocorys C

E. forestiana

E. spathulata

E. steedmani

E. torquata

E. woodwardii

E. species

Griselina littoralis
C

Hakea corriacea
C

Hakea species C

Leptospermum laevigatum I C

L. species

Melia azedarach

Melaleuca bracteata

M. linariifolia C

M. quinquenervia

Persoonia pinifolia

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